Quantum Dynamics Of Matter Waves Reveal Exotic Multibody Collisions

From ScienceDaily:

At extremely low temperatures atoms can aggregate into so-called Bose Einstein condensates forming coherent laser-like matter waves. Due to interactions between the atoms fundamental quantum dynamics emerge and give rise to periodic collapses and revivals of the matter wave field.

A group of scientists led by Professor Immanuel Bloch (Chair of Experimental Physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) and Director of the Quantum Many Body Systems Division at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching) has now succeeded to take a glance ‘behind the scenes’ of atomic interactions revealing the complex structure of these quantum dynamics. By generating thousands of miniature BECs ordered in an optical lattice the researchers were able to observe a large number of collapse and revival cycles over long periods of time.

The research is published in the journal Nature.

The experimental results imply that the atoms do not only interact pairwise — as typically assumed — but also perform exotic collisions involving three, four or more atoms at the same time. On the one hand, these results have fundamental importance for the understanding of quantum many-body systems. On the other hand, they pave the way for the generation of new exotic states of matter, based on such multi-body interactions…

1 Comment on "Quantum Dynamics Of Matter Waves Reveal Exotic Multibody Collisions"

  1. The phrase “Exotic Multibody Collisions” is conjuring up visions of Jello wrestling…

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