Memories That Still Hold U.S. Hostage: Reflections On A Visit To The Former Embattled U.S. Embassy in Tehran

The latest massive Wikileaks revelations released Sunday show how the US and its allies have been covertly discussing military attacks and covert actions against Iran.  If history is any judge, this doesn’t always work out the way Washington wants, as Danny Schechter recounts in this report on a recent visit to the former US Embassy in Tehran, Iran, known locally then as a “spy nest.”

Flag of IranTehran, Iran: The building was smaller than I remembered. The fading images in my mind were grainy: angry crowds, students marching, flags burning, chants of “Death to America,” and Americans diplomats in blindfolds, It became a soap opera: Ted Koppel started his rise in TV News with ABC’s nightly “America Held Hostage” series, the forerunner to “Nightline.”

Back then, I was in radio news, just transitioning into TV. I remember publicly debating about what we should do with a DJ friend who had turned from a Vietnam War peacenik into a bomb Iran hawk.

In Iran, he takeover of the US Embassy—what students called its “conquering”– was justified as a blow against imperialism, the seizure of a “spy nest.”  It was, at the time, the most globally covered aspect of the Iranian Revolution, an audacious confrontation between people power and a foreign power.

The events that followed may have been considered revolutionary in Iran, but for progressive Americans they became the nail in President Jimmy Carter’s political coffin. He angered Iranians first when he toasted the Shah calling him a beloved figure. He then tried and failed to negotiate through third parties and later sent in a military ‘rescue” operation that crashed and burned leading to his own downfall.

The Iranians held him responsible for sheltering the ailing Shah; he in turn was being pressured by the likes of David Rockefeller and Henry Kissinger to shelter the fleeing Monarch.

These events also helped bring on the turn to the right with the elevation of the actor we called “Ronnie Raygun.”  The hostages were released in a tacit agreement after 444 days in the very hour of his inauguration.

We are still living with the consequences, when wages declined, unions were broken, and military spending escalated. Reagan invaded Grenada and Beirut where the killings of hundreds of US soldiers sparked what we now label a War on Terror and which Iranians see as a “Clash of Civilizations.”

The despotic Shah, our faithful servant for so many years, was driven from power by a popular revolt with the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini soon becoming the man we loved to hate.

Now, thirty plus years later, I am standing in front of what was once our Embassy surrounded today by well-kept lawns as it was then.

It is as if the past is never past, with so many ghosts still around.

The tragedy is that polarization between our two countries remains symbolized by what is now a very politicized museum with photos of the activists who crawled through a basement window and tunnel to take it over. They were demanding the return of the Shah to stand trial. They were protesting US interference in their internal affairs.

I didn’t remember that eight hostages — women and black employees — were released by Khomeini as a gesture. He urged the black men to return home and carry on the work of our most famous Muslim martyr, Malcolm X.

Malcolm was one of the Americans they admired.

There are rooms of creative if didactic art works, graffiti, and murals denouncing US policy, including our news media, which they see as a weapons system that has been deployed against them. (One slogan on the wall:  “Information R.I.P.”) Perhaps this is why my film WMD: Weapons of Mass Deception was shown here and is popular.)

The angry art is not the building’s most popular attraction. On the second floor, is the ex-Embassy’s own West Wing, behind a metal safe like door is where the spying was done.

The offices are pretty much as they found it—a soundproof glass encased safe room within a room, cryptographic equipment, communications gear that allowed them to tap Tehran’s telephones and a forgery bench where they invented passports and spread disinformation. (I once saw a similar room in a former Stasi secret police station in East Germany that kept tabs on everyone.)

The students found a secret document with a floor plan of the Ayatollah’s residence and other artifacts of CIA espionage including guns and coding machines.

Today, all of this is done digitally and with much more sophistication. Just last week, the US launched a massive new spy satellite to upgrade our global surveillance capabilities.

You don’t need Embassies anymore to do this dirty work. We have since set up a well-funded Office of Global Reconnaissance but it doesn’t seem be to making us any more secure.

These days, a small group like Wikileaks has found ways to release hundreds of thousands of documents that officialdom wants to hide..

(After the Embassy seizure, The US government downplayed spying by its diplomats calling it “routine.” The latest Wikileaks expose reveals that diplomats are spying more than ever.

As the students muscled their way into the Embassy back then, US officials were busy destroying documents, burning them in the basement, throwing them into chemical vats that turned paper into powder, and feeding them into huge industrial-strength shredders. I saw the machines.

They managed to keep the activists at bay for three hours while destroying sensitive and potentially embarrassing data before surrendering.

What they didn’t count on was that scores of students would spend weeks patiently and systematically piecing the shreds together, literally ironing and weaving the fragments into readable prose. They reconstructed the destroyed documents and published them in scores of books that topped the best-seller list in Iran, if there was one.

The late Bill Worthy, a legendary African American journalist, brought some of the books back to Boston in 1980 only to have them confiscated at the airport where he was threatened with prosecution.

Most Americans know little of Iran’s 2500 year history, its proud culture or the role played by the CIA in toppling the democratically elected the Mosaddegh government in 1953 that wanted to nationalize the country’s oil instead of being forced to allow the West to exploit it.  (The Ayatollah Khomeini referenced this event when he told the US: “You have no right to complain, because you took our whole country hostage in 1953.”) There is no evidence that the Ayatollah organized the Embassy takeover.

They don’t know that the US orchestrated Iraq’s invasion of Iran causing a half million deaths, many from chemical weapons. I met some of the still sick victims of those chemicals including a disfigured Member of Parliament who was a war correspondent. Saddam’s chemical attacks on Iran’s military got almost no press attention compared to his gassing of Kurds.

Our ignorance still feeds dangerous calls for war like those made recently by the pinheaded Lindsey Graham, a Republican Senator from the former Confederate State of South Carolina. He’s called for the sinking of Iranian Navy. He seems to have forgotten his own States role in launching the American civil war after a Naval battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack in Charleston harbor.

The Confederates started it, but the Union finished it, finishing them finally at a great cost. Today, the South and its attitudes have risen again.

Graham also seems unaware that if we attack them, Iran will likely block the Strait of Hormuz freezing oil shipments worldwide. Not a good thing.

Today, some US personalities want a theocratic state here like the one in Iran. Our own fundamentalists, many end of timers, politicized into Christian right movements, the antecedents of today’s Tea Party, fired up by vicious Islamaphobia.

Theocratic evangelists posing as TV commentators like Glenn Beck urge us to let God Rule, the message of some of Iran’s Mullahs.   George Bush denounced Iran as part of the  “Axis of Evil” while they do the same towards us. There is a poster in the former Embassy building denouncing U.S. evils.

I know my Iranian hosts expected me to be excited by visiting the Embassy as a symbol of an embarrassing set back to US plans.

I wasn’t.

I reminded them that when the Taliban took Iranian diplomats hostage, and threatened to kill them, Iran moved troops to the border, and was about to invade Afghanistan before we did.

The US government learned from the Embassy takeover not in terms of changing imperial policies but by investing in more security. It now builds vast and far more fortified “diplomatic” enclaves like Iraq’s Green Zone. Secrecy has become our national security state’s religion.

These symbols of our past conflicts have a way of blocking new initiatives and possible reconciliation. I am sure that the former Embassy building is on some target list for potential missile attacks on Tehran. Americans relish “payback” as much as Iranians.

Avoiding an escalation of tension will not be easy as Jaswant Singh, a former Indian finance minister, foreign minister, and defense minister explains: “In both countries, deep and mutually paralyzing suspicion has poisoned relations for three decades. Negotiations in such an atmosphere are almost fated to failure.”

Can anything be done?

On the plane back, I watched the movie SALT where Angelina Jolie stops a fictionalized nuclear attack on Tehran at the last second in a gun battle staged in the bunker below the White House.

Hollywood pictures the story as a plot by Russian renegades who want to use nukes to outrage the whole Muslim world and trigger a more apocalyptic jihad against the US.

At the same time, we are doing all we can to block Iranian nuclear ambitions, even as I told an audience in Iran about my own objections to nuclear power plans in favor of green energies—not a popular position.

There are legitimate non-fiction fears of a new war against Iran, another no-win conflict that will cause more death and sap more treasure.

The neo-cons are busy at work lobbying for just such a war, eager to replicate their “heroic victory” over Iraq. They are playing the fear card with lots of covert lobbying from Israel that claims Iran represents an “existential” threat.

To me, the arrogant right-wing politicians and propagandists in Israel are a far more dangerous threat to any prospects for peace. Successive American Administrations, like the current one, shovels sheckels at them, appeasing their contempt and occupation of Palestinians.

The world mocks dogmatic believers in the Koran while fanatical Torah worshippers have a free pass to practice hatred.

Talk about hypocrisy.

War is a profitable business, and as our economy continues its decline, we can anticipate more calls to “bomb, bomb Iran” so we can fight and spend our way to “recovery.”

Talk about insanity.

Already our sanctions are hurting the Iranian people and their businesses without seriously impacting their government, whatever the fiery pubic claims of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

We need to engage, but even the talks President Obama promised have yet to happen. Washington seems as frozen as Tehran in making a real overture.

What if Iran turned the former U.S. Embassy into an international peace and religious center for diplomatic discourse and mediation? That might be a gesture Washington could respond to. Why not recycle a relic of the past to enable a serious initiative for resolving conflict? The growing confrontation gives both countries an enemy to mobilize against while diverting attention from real problems.

Someone has to break the ice before we end up causing each other more pain!

My walk down a lane of bad memories convinced me that we need to work for a better future, not stay mired in the images and rhetorical combats of the past.

Filmmaker and News Dissector Danny Schechter edits Mediachannel.org.
For more on his film Plunder: The Crime of Our Time and companion book The Crime Of Our Time: Why Wall Street Is Not Too Big To Jail, visit plunderthecrimeofourtime.com.

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  • Anonymous

    From another post I saw recently and copied (involves Iran and the hostage taking):

    The Carter Directive: The destruction and genocide of the Afghanistani people

    Today I heard an interview between two main stream newsies feebly attempting to wonkish. They each assumed the Afghanistan war began in 2001, but did it?

    Six months prior to the Soviet invasion on December of 1979, President Jimmy Carter signed a directive to destabilize the then-secular government of Afghanistan.

    The early creation and financing of the Mujahadeen most decidedly precipitated the Soviet invasion; with elements within the Carter administration colluding with Saudi Arabia to relocate Wahabist Islamic extremists to Afghanistan’s northern border with the Soviet Union to foment religious revolution.

    Once the Soviets invaded, the Mujahadeen would murder any and all secularists who remained in Afghanistan. They would kill academics, artists, professionals and all others who refused to be subjugated to the transplanted Saudi Arabian religious extremists.

    It is morbidly interesting to reflect on the ensuing and consequent deaths resulting from that one nexus point: the Carter directive!

    The razing of Afghanistan, both by the Soviet army and the American-financed Mujahadeen, contrary to any silly Tom Hanks’ fictional movie, would set the stage for the destructive times to come.

    When American hostages were taken during the Iranian revolution occurring next door, few understood that those Iranians might be aware of the American intervention taking place in their neighbor country of Afghanistan, and why they feared further American intervention in their own country.

    And with the subsequent confiscation of Iran’s billions of dollars on deposit in American banks, allowed by President Jimmy Carter and benefitting Carter’s principal financial and political backer, David Rockefeller, fewer still understood the economic ramifications of Carter’s, and later Reagan’s, perfidy in these matters.

    Today, the typically oblivious American may be unaware of America’s long history of aggressive and destructive meddling in the internal affairs of Afghanistan, but the Afghanistanis have long memories.

    As they watch while the Chinese mine their Afghani copper under American military protection, and observe the Indian Hindu construction companies operate under Indian military protection, and attempt to continue to exist under the rule of the American-installed Karsai narco government, their revulsion and resentment must sure be great and growing.

    Whether those directives come from Carter, Reagan, Clinton, Bush and now Obama, one thing is definite: the multitude of Afghanistani dead is most surely blood on the hands of America.

    References:

    Bill, James A. The Eagle and the Lion. Yale University Press. New Haven and London. 1988. ISBN 0-300-04097-0

    Le Nouvel Observateur, Paris, 15-21 January 1998, “The CIA’s Intervention in Afghanistan, Interview with Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Jimmy Carter’s National Security Advisor”

    Kolhatkar, Sonali and Ingalls, James. Bleeding Afghanistan, Seven Stories Press, NY, NY. 2006. ISBN-13: 978-1-58322-731-2

  • myth_slayer

    From another post I saw recently and copied (involves Iran and the hostage taking):

    The Carter Directive: The destruction and genocide of the Afghanistani people

    Today I heard an interview between two main stream newsies feebly attempting to wonkish. They each assumed the Afghanistan war began in 2001, but did it?

    Six months prior to the Soviet invasion on December of 1979, President Jimmy Carter signed a directive to destabilize the then-secular government of Afghanistan.

    The early creation and financing of the Mujahadeen most decidedly precipitated the Soviet invasion; with elements within the Carter administration colluding with Saudi Arabia to relocate Wahabist Islamic extremists to Afghanistan’s northern border with the Soviet Union to foment religious revolution.

    Once the Soviets invaded, the Mujahadeen would murder any and all secularists who remained in Afghanistan. They would kill academics, artists, professionals and all others who refused to be subjugated to the transplanted Saudi Arabian religious extremists.

    It is morbidly interesting to reflect on the ensuing and consequent deaths resulting from that one nexus point: the Carter directive!

    The razing of Afghanistan, both by the Soviet army and the American-financed Mujahadeen, contrary to any silly Tom Hanks’ fictional movie, would set the stage for the destructive times to come.

    When American hostages were taken during the Iranian revolution occurring next door, few understood that those Iranians might be aware of the American intervention taking place in their neighbor country of Afghanistan, and why they feared further American intervention in their own country.

    And with the subsequent confiscation of Iran’s billions of dollars on deposit in American banks, allowed by President Jimmy Carter and benefitting Carter’s principal financial and political backer, David Rockefeller, fewer still understood the economic ramifications of Carter’s, and later Reagan’s, perfidy in these matters.

    Today, the typically oblivious American may be unaware of America’s long history of aggressive and destructive meddling in the internal affairs of Afghanistan, but the Afghanistanis have long memories.

    As they watch while the Chinese mine their Afghani copper under American military protection, and observe the Indian Hindu construction companies operate under Indian military protection, and attempt to continue to exist under the rule of the American-installed Karsai narco government, their revulsion and resentment must sure be great and growing.

    Whether those directives come from Carter, Reagan, Clinton, Bush and now Obama, one thing is definite: the multitude of Afghanistani dead is most surely blood on the hands of America.

    References:

    Bill, James A. The Eagle and the Lion. Yale University Press. New Haven and London. 1988. ISBN 0-300-04097-0

    Le Nouvel Observateur, Paris, 15-21 January 1998, “The CIA’s Intervention in Afghanistan, Interview with Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Jimmy Carter’s National Security Advisor”

    Kolhatkar, Sonali and Ingalls, James. Bleeding Afghanistan, Seven Stories Press, NY, NY. 2006. ISBN-13: 978-1-58322-731-2