Artists Who Drink Crazy Amounts of Coffee (Balzac Was a 50-Cup-a-Day Man)

BalzacRecently we heard about the woman who poisoned herself with fluoride by drinking 100 cups of tea a day. Now we learn that Balzac drank 50 cups of coffee a day. Can anyone up that? Mason Currey writes for Slate:

Coffee! It is the great uniting force of my Daily Rituals book. It’s what brings together Beethoven and Proust, Glenn Gould and Francis Bacon, Jean-Paul Sartre and Gustav Mahler. This should hardly be surprising. Caffeine is the rare drug that has a powerful salutary effect—it aids focus and attention, wards off sleepiness, and speeds the refresh rate on new ideas—with only minimal drawbacks. And the ritual of preparing coffee serves for many as a gateway to the creative mood. Balzac wrote:

“Coffee glides into one’s stomach and sets all of one’s mental processes in motion. One’s ideas advance in column of route like battalions of the Grande Armée. Memories come up at the double, bearing the standards which will lead the troops into battle. The light cavalry deploys at the gallop. The artillery of logic thunders along with its supply wagons and shells. Brilliant notions join in the combat as sharpshooters. The characters don their costumes, the paper is covered with ink, the battle has started, and ends with an outpouring of black fluid like a real battlefield enveloped in swaths of black smoke from the expended gunpowder. Were it not for coffee one could not write, which is to say one could not live.”

Balzac certainly couldn’t have maintained his extreme lifestyle without the stuff. He worked in bursts of frenzied writing—or, as one biographer put it, in “orgies of work punctuated by orgies of relaxation and pleasure.” During the work periods, his writing schedule was brutal: He ate a light dinner at 6 p.m., then went to bed. At 1 a.m. he rose and sat down at his writing table for a seven-hour stretch of work. At 8 a.m. he allowed himself a 90-minute nap; then, from 9:30 to 4, he resumed work, drinking cup after cup of black coffee. According to one estimate, he drank as many as 50 cups a day.

Now, it’s possible that Balzac overdid it. He ended up suffering from stomach cramps, facial twitches, headaches, and high blood pressure, and he died of heart failure age 51. Perhaps a better model is The Wonderful Wizard of Oz author L. Frank Baum, who would get up at about 8 a.m. and eat a hearty breakfast, accompanied by four or five cups of strong coffee with cream and sugar. Or the mathematician Paul Erdös, who fueled his long work hours with espresso shots and caffeine tablets (and amphetamines—more on those in the next entry)…

[continues at Slate]

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  • http://twitter.com/TedHeistman Ted Heistman

    I don’t think coffee really encourages creativity. I think creative people self medicate with it. I think it just makes creative people more productive. I get my best ideas in the moments between sleeping and waking.

    • Rickenbacker4001

      “Sleeping and waking”
      Paul McCartney thought so too.

  • emperorreagan

    I drank 50-60 cups of coffee per day over a three day span in college. I can’t say that I was really more productive – I just didn’t sleep and was hallucinating a bit by the end when I finally did sleep.

  • mannyfurious

    A lot of good writers were speed-freaks as well. This is going to sound bizarre but writing well is one of the most physically and mentally/emotionally exhausting things to do, so a high energy level is pretty useful to be productive.

  • BuzzCoastin

    one of my favorite legal drugs

    you can take away pot from passive potheads
    but God help Uncle Homeland if he decides to go after coffee

    • Rickenbacker4001

      I read somewhere that it’s the second or third most traded commodity. The world goes crazy when oil production hits the shan, wonder what a world wide coffee crisis looks like?

  • Michael Gacillos O’Hair

    That is one over-stimulated Balzac.