CAMH Study Shows Mental Illness Associated With Heavy Cannabis Use

via Science Codex reefermadness

People with mental illnesses are more than seven times more likely to use cannabis weekly compared to people without a mental illness, according to researchers from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) who studied U.S. data.

Cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance globally, with an estimated 203 million people reporting use. Although research has found links between cannabis use and mental illness, exact numbers and prevalence of problem cannabis use had not been investigated.

“We know that people with mental illness consume more cannabis, perhaps partially as a way to self- medicate psychiatric symptoms, but this data showed us the degree of the correlation between cannabis use, misuse, and mental illness,” said Dr. Shaul Lev-ran, Adjunct Scientist at CAMH and Head of Addiction Medicine at the Sheba Medical Center, Israel.

“Based on the number individuals reporting weekly use, we see that people with mental illness use cannabis at high rates. This can be of concern because it could worsen the symptoms of their mental illness,” said Lev-ran, who conducted the research as a post-doctoral fellow with the Social Aetiology of Mental Illness (SAMI) Training Program at CAMH.

Researchers also found that individuals with mental illness were 10 times more likely to have a cannabis use disorder.

In this new study, published in the journal Comprehensive Psychiatry, CAMH researchers analyzed data from face-to-face interviews with over 43,000 respondents over the age of 18 from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Using structured questionnaires, the researchers assessed cannabis use as well as various mental illnesses including depression, anxiety, drug and alcohol use disorders and personality disorders, based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

Among those will mental illness reporting at least weekly cannabis use, rates of use were particularly elevated for those with bipolar disorder, personality disorders and other substance use disorders.

In total, 4.4 per cent of individuals with a mental illness in the past 12 months reported using cannabis weekly, compared to 0.6 per cent among individuals without any mental illness. Cannabis use disorders occurred among 4 per cent of those with mental illness versus 0.4 per cent among those without.

Researchers also noted that, although cannabis use is generally higher among younger people, the association between mental illness and cannabis use was pervasive across most age groups.

They emphasize the importance of screening for frequent and problem cannabis use among those with mental illness, so that targeted prevention and intervention may be employed.

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  • tdandy

    What is “problem cannabis use?”

    • Ittabena

      It’s a problem when nobody will let you use it, I guess.

      Spam, Spam, Spam, Spam… Er, I mean Spin, Spin, Spin, Spin

    • echar

      Everyday all day, but then all one has to do is just stop. Not so easy when everyone you associate smokes it, maybe a little easier as an adult. In no way as comparable to physically addictive substances.

      My point is that anything done in excess can be problematic. This includes working out, going to church, eating vegetables, and more. So you know, buds are my chemical of choice if I choose they are affordable.

  • Patsy Buvoltz

    This is quite simply because people with mental issues find cannabis to be more helpful than pills.

    • kowalityjesus

      I feel like getting into a habit of using marijuana is like having a characteristic person around in your life… To use an Amerindian paradigm, the medicine of one person can be panacea or poison to another person.

      As I have gotten older and look back on my habitual marijuana usage, I start to see trite platitudes embody my viewpoints. I don’t like it, but I resign myself to the wisdom of crowds, thus the laws should remain.

  • howiebledsoe

    REEFER MADNESS!!!

  • Ittabena

    Every prescription tranquilizer/sedative since Miltown has been billed as non-harmful and non-addictive and every one of them has proved to be both. We have more drugged kids in this country than anywhere else, and most of them are on the drug because the fail Public Education system is sooooo GD boring. There was no problem with Coca leaf use until the white man refined and processed it, which ruined thousands and thousands of lives.

    But cannabis, now there is a real problem. Meh!

    I smell Rockefeller sneakin’ around somewhere.

  • BuzzCoastin

    we need more studies like this
    I’d like to know the connection between heavy use of
    the iPhone, TV, alcohol, HFCS and host of other drugs
    and mental illness

    • rtb61

      Well at least this study is in the correct direction. Why do people suffering from mental illness seek relief with marijuana. What is failing in that self medication ie what is the best ratio of active substances to provide those suffering from mental illness the best treatment.
      So the opposite of the bullshit studies, this one is actually looking in a positive direction other than trying to fulfil government propaganda.
      So how can the right ratio of active substances in marijuana be used to alleviate a range of mental illnesses.

      • BuzzCoastin

        great point
        I missed that bias

  • DeepCough

    Yeah, so what’s the deal with those anti-depressants? Y’know, the ones with a
    “black box warning” on them, because they will, tragically and ironically enough,
    make you even more suicidal? Got any explanation for that, CAMH?

    • InfvoCuernos

      They’re probably the same assholes that put out that commercial about how pot causes suicidal tendencies(never mind pepsi intake).

  • primordialstu

    Yes, and we’ve also found a correlation between prozac use and mental illness, opiate use and pain, alcohol use and drunken behavior, and addiction researchers and insane conclusions about cannabis. Very simply, when cannabis use increases anyplace, rates of mental illnes remain the same. And even NIMH has backed away from the bullshit DSM categories, which pretty much allow you to diagnose anybody as having whatever disorder you would like to sell them a drug for.

  • Bob Carter

    This is why we need the knowledgable people at the dispensaries to help us find the right strain so to lessen or elimnate unwanted side effects, does anyone think you will get that kind of service from any one of Harpe’rs For Profit Commercial Growers?

  • Ubelsteiner

    Worthless article, misleading title, presumptive and unscientific “study”. Worded like it’s saying that cannabis use causes mental illness – which there is NO evidence of.

    And I know ppl with anxiety and other mental disorders who do self-medicate with cannabis because it works, is natural, little to no addiction or dependency, and no serious know side effects – unlike the benzos and other manufactured drugs that Dr’s five them.

    Unsubscribing. “Disinformation” indeed.

    • echar

      The article, quite clearly states the opposite of what you want to believe. Sometimes the things that we find most offensive, are the things we are in denial of.

      • http://hormeticminds.blogspot.com/ Chaorder Gradient

        wait you expect people to read more than the title before making a knee-jerk reaction? This is the internet, sir. Learn the rules.

        • echar

          The interwebs is serious business.

    • Bluebird_of_Fastidiousness

      When people write these goodbye world posts, I know I’m in the right place. You see, this type of pseudo-rational propaganda study is just more grist for the mill around here. Maybe half the articles on this site are posted out of agreement. The rest is bullshit we get to tear apart, like an immune system tears apart a virus, so we are invulnerable to it’s effects later on.

      The art of propaganda is slipping your premises past people. The key one that I see here is that marijuana has no therapeutic value. This is a patently false assertion, and would be very difficult to argue outright, but they frame the whole persuasive idea in an article about helping people. I’d say it wass brilliant if they weren’t such asshats.

  • Bluebird_of_Fastidiousness

    Sick people use medicine. I bet that thirsty people drink water and tired people sleep. I should get funding for coming up with these profundities.

  • john doe

    correlation =/ causation

  • Conspiracy Carrot

    I may be mentally ill but I am fairly certain “the green bitch” keeps me from going absolutely crazy in this fucked up world where I am 100% an outcast. Although I have quit smoking for several months at a time & didn’t go postal, so…

    • echar

      I read this article as: A large portion of the mentally ill smoke buds, which may exacerbate the mental illness as well as impact the treatment.

      It makes sense to me that adding more chemicals to the equation has the potential of making things more complicated.

      The variables (potency, purity, strain, etc) of buds are far more unpredictable than a dose measured in the pharmacy.

      • Ittabena

        >”The variables (potency, purity, strain, etc) of buds are far more unpredictable than a dose measured in the pharmacy.”

        Not in WA. MS and IL yes, but in WA it is already down to a science. In fact I am told that in Amsterdam the most prized varieties hail from B.C. with nearby WA coming in a close second.

        As to Pharmaceuticals the problem does not lie in the pharmacy at all, but in the testing process of the drugs before they get to the pharmacy. When Dan Quayle took the FDA’s budget away, the testing became the sole responsibility of the creator of the drug. Want it approved today? All you have to do is show three studies in which the drug did better than a placebo. That is a pretty free hand when it comes to testing drugs that even the FDA with funding could not, or would not, keep us safe from. It does not matter how many unsuccessful studies you performed, you just have to turn in three winners. Yay!

        The other problem is the Doctors. I have personally delivered offers to doctor’s offices for perks, or rewards, offered if they would only prescribe the drug in sufficient amounts.

        Personally speaking, my second wife used to suffer anxiety attacks. We would be driving down a country road in Illinois with nothing but cornfields in sight and she would demand that I pull over, she was too hot. Never could spot the air conditioned ear of corn she must have spotted.

        Doctor after doctor checked her and said it was all in her head. The last one to tell me this I responded that we should give her a placebo.

        “A placebo?” as if he didn’t understand.

        “Yeah, a sugar pill. Tell her that you finally figured out what is wrong and after a week or so of taking this her problem will be gone.”

        “Well… That would probably work but that would be unethical.”

        “So what do you want to do?” I asked.

        “We’ll give her a mild sedative.”

        The sedative turned out to be Ativan. Months later I returned from my second full time job to find my two year old daughter going down for the count, eyes rolling back in her head. I scooped her up and ran out of the door without even bothering to wake my wife. I jumped on the on ramp and back off at the next exit and took her to the very same hospital, that prescribed the drug, to have her stomach pumped.

        My daughter was fine but when I turned the bill into my State Service Blue Cross Blue Shield they denied the claim because I hadn’t called the doctor for permission to take her to the emergency room first.

        Ever heard of the Traiteurs? There are still some of them in Louisiana, they self medicate, and they are said to be quite effective.

        George Washington grew marijuana and self medicated. his diary entries tell of his culling out the male plants, something you do when you are planning on smoking it, not making rope.

        Thomas Jefferson grew opium poppies and self medicated. I learned this from a Disinfo book edited by Russ Kick a decade or so ago. The story was about how the DEA had come in to his historic home/tourist area, dropping off lines from helicopters, and threatening the workers with jail if they didn’t start immediately pulling the poppy plants and destroy them. The workers tried to explain that they grew them to be historically accurate, and that no one ever tried to harvest them. Which, of course, means that Jefferson grew them when he lived there.

        Back then it was the only really effective pain relief available, as it still is today. The difference with then and today is how many hands have handled it, and how many middlemen were in place between you and what you could grow on your own little tiny piece of property.

        We all know by now that my father was a cop, dyed in the wool type. We had poppies in our back yard. I asked. He said they were a different type. They were not! Did he lie to me? No, I think he really believed it. I did when he told me, and for decades.

        You have seen the spices in the grocery store and on your poppy seed buns at the deli or restaurant? They are different right? I mean you couldn’t plant them and get opium poppies could you? The ones on the buns, no. The ones on your supermarket shelf? Most likely yes. They have not been cooked yet.

        Another article in the same book explained the straight skinny on this. Lets say you are going to grow poppies for a cash crop. Forget your morals, you grew up in a dumpster for the purposes of this discussion. You are a full on believer in the Milton Friedman theory of Free Market.

        Would you grow poppies that only produced seeds to sell? Or would you grow opium poppies and sell the opium to the pharmaceutical companies and then make a little extra cash selling the seeds to the spice companies?

        Who owns the spice companies? It’s likely not your next door neighbor who goes to church each week and believes in right and wrong. It is a corporate executive in charge and we all know what stinkers they can be. Can you see them being seed police, or even spending one nickel on verification that these were clean seeds?

        Probably never thought about it, but we as a nation consume a lot of narcotics. Where do you think all that opium comes from?

        So what is bad when it is growing somewhere in a ‘Stan in the Middle East, is okay when the pharmaceutical companies buy it and make good, bad stuff with. The fact that your money for prescription medication is used to pay the terrorists is somehow better than if the terrorists had sold to gangsters who put straight smack on the street.

        And yet we are told neither of these, instead we are told on national T.V. that when you buy pot you are funding a terrorist. Remember? Lots of terrorists in WA and BC huh? No, but there are lots of people getting a slice, and a hefty one, out of your budget for much needed medications, and that money is much more likely to end up in the wrong hands than, well you know.

        Nothing is as it seems, or as Disinfo says, Everything You know Is Wrong. Which was actually a title of one of the books Russ Kick edited and may have in fact been the one I read this in.

        So… I guess what I am trying to say is, if self medicating is crazy, put me down as nuttier than hell, and me and George and Tom will be hangin’ out in Louisiana watchin’ the love bugs twice a year. : )

        • echar

          I am not saying it’s crazy, honestly I self medicated for years with weed and things more harmful. Also I disagree with your statement about the science of weed. Not so much with growing the kind buds. I have experience with that.

          What I mean is that taking one pill of a pharmacy manufactured medication is different than smoking a bowl of kind buds. A person can have a general idea of how much to smoke, but I can’t tell you how many times I smoked too much.

          As for your 2nd ex wife, maybe a placebo would have helped. Just doing something to counter a panic attack can be beneficial. When I have them I like to turn on mellow music, lay down, close my eyes, and let it pass.

          Sometimes I wonder if the years of drug use left me stunted when dealing with some things, and has left me vulnerable to panic attacks and other experiences. As for pharmaceutical companies and ethics. I do not endorse them.

          I endorse mental health, and I know that some people need some sort of treatment. Sometimes that is medications. I do not judge a person for smoking buds. I just think that they may hinder more than help. Note that I am not an expert, nor am I making a claim that it is a certain way. I am speaking from my experiences with substances.

          Thanks for sharing :)

          • Ittabena

            Good, I did not want you to think I was flaming you in any way, merely explaining why my viewpoint is what it is.

          • echar

            Oh no. While reading it was obvious to me that you are open and honest.

  • Juan

    “Mind if I do a jay?”

    • echar

      The Sweet “Pill” That Makes Life BITTER!

      • Juan

        A lifetime ago I had a very flourescent “Reefer Madnsss” poster with with that as part of the caption. The other part, if I remember correctly was “Marijuana, scourge of youth!”
        I LOVE the herb. I’ve heard people say, and I tend to agree, “Cannabis is not a drug; it is a viable coping strategy.”
        As far as I’m concerned, anything that makes dealing with this mad fucking circus a little more bearable without doing any damage is truly a godsend.
        “Herbal medication,is da heading of da nation:)”

        • echar

          It’s my chemical of choice, if I should choose, or have the money to partake. It can abused though.

        • Ittabena

          Gracias, mi amigo!

    • Ittabena

      Don’t Bogart that joint, my friend pass it over to me.

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dpsznqwo308

  • Dingbert

    Shouldn’t this be promising rather than troubling or offensive? Pharmacologists have had drown-your-brain-in-its-own-serotonin tunnel vision for 30 years and that clearly isn’t working. Of course, that has the added economic benefit of making your customer physically ill if he decides he’d rather not use your product anymore.

    But the Controlled Substances Act is written in such a way that nothing can ever be removed from it, stopping experimental medical science from advancing beyond 1970:

    “(1) Schedule I.—
    (A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
    (B) The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
    (C) There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.”

    How exactly does a drug or other substance gain accepted medical use in treatment in the US if its possession for any use is illegal in the US? Won’t there be an eternal lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision if it’s illegal to use under medical supervision? The authors of the Act were surely aware of these issues. The wording just makes it sound better than “We’ve decided the following things are going to be illegal forever, no matter what, F you.”

    So, we’re stuck reading statistics, with no chance for discovery or innovation.

  • DrDavidKelly

    He started smoking pot all the time … stopped going to work, just sat around all day with a big grin reading books – poor guy was mental.

  • peaceloveandbooks

    The heading says that a study shows mental illness is associated with cannabis use. Then goes onto say people with mental illnesses are more likely to use cannabis weekly than people without mental illness. So shouldn’t the heading instead say “study shows cannabis use associated among the mentally ill?” Just sayin….

  • highlangher

    Studies based on the criteria stated in DSM-IV, which stands for number four in Latin, well those studies are financed by bigmfarma itself, same as the prescriptions that goes through FDA approval. You Americans better wake up quick, they are destroying your kids pretending they need prescription if too active, this so called doctors are professional killers, get them lost! Cannabis was outlawed in 1929 after Rockefeller decided cars should run only on petrol, and not on ethanole derived from cannabis. Wake up, people! The web is full of videos on the real story of marijuana, which never killed anybody, and is actually prescripited in some wise states for a number of uses as pain relief, cure of glaucoma, and many more. Mental illness is procured by the same drugs they pretend to sell you as a cure, then you end up having a country full of maniacs running around shooting everybody. Well done, just natural born leaders of the world, yes the fouls world!

    • Ittabena

      Thank you, well said.

      In my estimation the only reason a person goes to a doctor, barring major injury or illness, is because they do not know what to do for themselves. Let’s take a very mundane example. You ate very unwisely and now have acid stomach. Do you go for a Tums or another chalky antacid, or do you turn to one of the other designer antacids?

      Neither, you take a pinch of salt, which can be as designer as you like, and drink a little bit of water to chase it. Wait a little while and when progress stops do it again. The acid and alkaline will start to return to balance and soon you will feel better.

      If you go to your doctor because it is recurring everyday he will recommend Nexium, which is one of the more expensive ones. Your insurance company will try to get you to get your Dr. to switch you to a cheaper brand like Prilosec. What do you do?

      Neither, you start to read labels and if something has the words High Fructose Corn Syrup on it you put it back on the shelf and back slowly and cautiously away. You do not let those printed words into your home under any circumstances and instead look for a brand which has the word Sugar on it. Within a week or two your stomach will right itself.

      If you take either of the medications recommended by the “health care professionals” the medication will block or mask the pain and further weaken your stomach acid, thereby prolonging the condition to more or less permanent. You will feel better, but you will not be able to stop taking the medication without the condition returning, and probably being worse when it returns.

      Some of us are indeed awake, but you should try living and working with our media. Actually no, you shouldn’t. You are much better off.

      • highlangher

        Thank you too for your point on acid stomach, will try the salt remedy, never thought of it. I many yrs ago made a big mistake, went to the doc to ask for an antiacid, he gave me omeprazol, and now I am hooked on that bloody stuff since 15 yrs or more, at a rate of 20 mg twice daily. If i forget it once, acid kills my stomach, any suggestion on how to drop that? Thanks bye.

        • Ittabena

          I was on Prilosec OTC everyday for three or four years. The story about the HFCS is what happened to me. I didn’t quit the High Fructose Corn Syrup with the idea of ending my acid problems but it was a much appreciated side effect.

          A Norwegian doctor who lives near my store explained to me that HFCS weakens the stomach acid first. This causes you problems digesting which in turn causes gas that carries the weakened stomach acid to the esophagus through belching. Even though it is weakened it still causes damage since the esophagus is not made to handle prolonged or repeated exposure to stomach acid.

          As I explained above the Acid Reflux Reducer masks or blocks the pain but further weakens the stomach acid making you feel better but causing the condition to become self generating.

          I would start with getting everything with HFCS out of my cupboards and don’t bring home anymore. At first this can be a real pain because a trip to the grocery store is more like a trip to the library. However after a while you will know which brands have it and which brands don’t. By doing this you are at least removing one source of the attack on your stomach acid thereby lessening the need for the antacid.

          Now I say this not only from personal experience but because about four years ago Stanford University released a study that stated that High Fructose Corn Syrup definitely leads to diabetes and obesity. So, getting rid of the HFCS can’t be considered a bad thing by any means.

          Prilosec OTC being over the counter is surely weaker than the prescription version you are on so my recovery was certainly quicker and easier than yours will be. It only took me about three weeks of being off the HFCS for me to see
          an improvement and realize I might not need the Prilosec anymore. With your higher dosage and prolonged exposure it would seem natural to expect a longer recovery period.

          You might try picking up some weaker over the counter version and after a month or two try weaning yourself to the weaker medication for a day or two and see if the previous symptoms return. If they don’t then you should be on the right track. and should be able to drop that soon. If it doesn’t work you might need to give it another month or so and try it again.

          You might even consider consulting a different doctor, one with more homeopathic leanings and who would be more sympathetic to what you want to do. He would be able to wean you off your high dosage meds better since he would
          obviously have more exact knowledge than I do. He might be able and willing to gradually step you down in dosage as your need allows better than simply picking an over the counter replacement off the top of your head.

          (Note; It sounds like you are under the British socialized medicine so this last suggestion may not be possible. I do not know exactly how that system works, but it would not surprise me if you had little or no input over choice of doctors. If that is the case, I am sorry. If you would like me to ask my Norwegian friend about it for you I will be happy to do so. If so just respond in the affirmative and I will be happy to ask him the next time he comes in the store.)

          Oh, and if you are a coffee drinker I would cut back a little while you are making the adjustment as that will give you some stomach acid as well. However, once your stomach recovers this should no longer be an issue anymore. I know
          that tea is more popular in the UK than coffee, but I make this last suggestion just in case tea is not your cup of tea.

          Good luck mate. This may be some work for you ahead but I
          can tell you it is a great feeling to be free of that whole mess and well worth it, and the financial savings are pretty nice as well. I am always on this site, so if you respond I will see it.

          • highlangher

            Thank you so much for sharing and for the kind response, actually I am not British,although I lived in London for three years long time ago, I am Italian born but living abroad and presently in central Asia, in a former ussr republic. I will surely try your suggestions, I am not as much of a coffe drinker, as I was when younger, two three a day is my limit, I try to bycilce ride as much as I can, but not a healthy style guy must say,as I smoke and drink quite usually. So I know my first problem is emotions getting to my stomach, and it is good to share experience with likeminded people like you, who stay far away from the farmacy as much as possible.
            Here we have some remedies from nature, one is amazingly good, maybe I did try long time enough, it is from the sediment of the forests and it’s like a resin, called mumiyo, check it out on the web, it was used by astronauts to supply them minerals and vitamins. If I was a healthy guy, would have solved it surely, but what is life without a beer, a smoke,cand a woman beside you? Cheers my friend, so long…

          • highlangher

            Thank you so much for sharing and for the kind response, actually I am not British,although I lived in London for three years long time ago, I am Italian born but living abroad and presently in central Asia, in a former ussr republic. I will surely try your suggestions, I am not as much of a coffe drinker, as I was when younger, two three a day is my limit, I try to bycilce ride as much as I can, but not a healthy style guy must say,as I smoke and drink quite usually. So I know my first problem is emotions getting to my stomach, and it is good to share experience with likeminded people like you, who stay far away from the farmacy as much as possible.
            Here we have some remedies from nature, one is amazingly good, maybe I did try long time enough, it is from the sediment of the forests and it’s like a resin, called mumiyo, check it out on the web, it was used by astronauts to supply them minerals and vitamins. If I was a healthy guy, would have solved it surely, but what is life without a beer, a smoke,cand a woman beside you? Cheers my friend, so long…

        • Ittabena

          I was on Prilosec OTC everyday for three or four years. The story about the HFCS is what happened to me. I didn’t quit the High Fructose Corn Syrup with the idea of ending my acid problems but it was a much appreciated side effect.

          A Norwegian doctor who lives near my store explained to me that HFCS weakens the stomach acid first. This causes you problems digesting which in turn causes gas that carries the weakened stomach acid to the esophagus through belching. Even though it is weakened it still causes damage since the esophagus is not made to handle prolonged or repeated exposure to stomach acid.

          As I explained above the Acid Reflux Reducer masks or blocks the pain but further weakens the stomach acid making you feel better but causing the condition to become self generating.

          I would start with getting everything with HFCS out of my cupboards and don’t bring home anymore. At first this can be a real pain because a trip to the grocery store is more like a trip to the library. However after a while you will know which brands have it and which brands don’t. By doing this you are at least removing one source of the attack on your stomach acid thereby lessening the need for the antacid.

          Now I say this not only from personal experience but because about four years ago Stanford University released a study that stated that High Fructose Corn Syrup definitely leads to diabetes and obesity. So, getting rid of the HFCS can’t be considered a bad thing by any means.

          Prilosec OTC being over the counter is surely weaker than the prescription version you are on so my recovery was certainly quicker and easier than yours will be. It only took me about three weeks of being off the HFCS for me to see
          an improvement and realize I might not need the Prilosec anymore. With your higher dosage and prolonged exposure it would seem natural to expect a longer recovery period.

          You might try picking up some weaker over the counter version and after a month or two try weaning yourself to the weaker medication for a day or two and see if the previous symptoms return. If they don’t then you should be on the right track. and should be able to drop that soon. If it doesn’t work you might need to give it another month or so and try it again.

          You might even consider consulting a different doctor, one with more homeopathic leanings and who would be more sympathetic to what you want to do. He would be able to wean you off your high dosage meds better since he would
          obviously have more exact knowledge than I do. He might be able and willing to gradually step you down in dosage as your need allows better than simply picking an over the counter replacement off the top of your head.

          (Note; It sounds like you are under the British socialized medicine so this last suggestion may not be possible. I do not know exactly how that system works, but it would not surprise me if you had little or no input over choice of doctors. If that is the case, I am sorry. If you would like me to ask my Norwegian friend about it for you I will be happy to do so. If so just respond in the affirmative and I will be happy to ask him the next time he comes in the store.)

          Oh, and if you are a coffee drinker I would cut back a little while you are making the adjustment as that will give you some stomach acid as well. However, once your stomach recovers this should no longer be an issue anymore. I know
          that tea is more popular in the UK than coffee, but I make this last suggestion just in case tea is not your cup of tea.

          Good luck mate. This may be some work for you ahead but I
          can tell you it is a great feeling to be free of that whole mess and well worth it, and the financial savings are pretty nice as well. I am always on this site, so if you respond I will see it.

  • Tchoutoye

    You have to question the validity of a study that thinks it can diagnose mental illnesses among 43,000 people by questionnaire alone, without ever observing them in person.

  • Earthstar

    The authors of this study are clearly psychiatry industry specialists with an anti-marijuana view. They classify almost 90 marijuana users, as having a cannabis use disorder. This study tell no one anything they already didn’t know: people self medicate. The authors simply over assume this is a problem.

  • Rus Archer

    well, yeah
    when you create definitions to support an ideology
    circular “science”

  • Aveil

    This title is VERY misleading, and should be changed! Many people will just read a title and then and go spew this misinformation to other people who continue the cycle. The scientific truth is that cannabis, while not appropriate for everyone esp. unsupervised use by those w/some type of “mental illness,” it is otherwise one of the least harmful substances known to man! It is safer than aspirin! No one, in 3000+ years of human use, has ever been reported to have died from the use of cannabis. Moreover, there is hard scientific evidence showing that whole cannabis–specifically the various cannabinoid within the plant–has numerous health benefits. There is scientific evidence showing that cannabis may indeed destroy cancer cells, particularly in brain cancer, while not harming normal cells. There is evidence that it may protect the brain from a drug that truly damages the brain–alcohol. Also, unlike the legal pills like Marinol that contain synthetic THC, whole cannabis contains some cannabinoids that actually moderate the psychoactive effects of the delta-9 THC molecule. Many people taking Marinol do not only NOT receive the health benefits of the plant, but complain that the mental effects are too intense. Whatever you believe, all prohibition does is create black markets, corruption, and make it easier for kids–who shouldn’t be partaking of any intoxicant–to get. Legalization & regulation of this plant allows adults to choose a healthier way to relax than alcohol, while providing huge sums of tax revenue, and it makes it much harder for the under-aged to get. After-all, drug dealers don’t card. Cannabis is NOT a gateway “drug” either. It’s a medicinal herb w/mild psychoactive effects that helps people relax, and makes food & music come alive in new ways. If there were such a thing as a “gateway” drug, it would be alcohol, as alcohol drastically lowers one’s inhibitions. Cannabis doesn’t do this–if anything, it may make people more cautious. Drugs are things that need to be synthesized, chemically altered. Cannabis is a plant that grows naturally and requires no chemical synthesis, put here by God or nature, and used by mankind for centuries. But it’s current Federal schedule has it in the same category as heroin!!! Our “drug czar” has even said that “marijuana is more dangerous than heroin.” I wonder how many kids died because of that politically driven, completely inaccurate and irresponsible comment!? Kids hear all the propaganda about pot, then try it, & realize it’s not that big of a deal; then they hear from a Federal employee that “pot is more dangerous than heroin,” so they assume pot must be more powerful than heroin, and since it was nothing, they try heroin, and end-up dead. These are the victims of “the war on drugs” which has nothing to do with truth, or common sense, or anything other than politics.

  • Reuben_the_Red

    “Problem” use of cannabis is where you might be arrested/go to jail for it. “Misuse” of cannabis seems largely defined here as “use” of cannabis.

  • charlotte

    Depends on your definition of “fucked up”. I stopped drinking because of
    the people and situations I routinely found myself involved in.
    Drinkers are notoriously unstable…

    Pot-smoking didn’t become a
    problem for me (although I am currently a non-smoker) because I became
    more choosey about who I was hanging around.

    For example:

    Self-employed,
    vegan “hippies” (too young to be O.G. hippies, too genuine to be
    hipsters) > low-expectations-having video gamers

    Although the
    former is amusingly irrational when it comes to the woo-woo and
    conspiracy theories, at least they are aimed in a direction of
    self-betterment and social awareness. Besides, I find it admirable that
    they are one of the few examples I personally know of people who started
    from nothing, yet carved out a living for themselves from hard work and
    perseverance…I’d very much like to own my own business and I could
    stand to eat healthier, whether or not I buy the vegan rap…a little
    more broccoli never hurt.

    Compare that to the typical stoner with
    a string of menial jobs and very little idea of what s/he wants to do
    in life besides play more video games and gorge themselves with more
    pizza and chips…

  • http://hormeticminds.blogspot.com/ Chaorder Gradient

    I have come to believe the biggest negative of Pot is paradoxically that it helps you enjoy everything you do, and enjoy the company of most anyone.

    In this sense you are less likely to filter out people with personality problems or common activities, that you would in a sober mindset find repulsive.

    Methinks the one thing hippies don’t get is that there is such a thing as too much love.

  • Ittabena

    Huh? = Could you unpack that for us a little? Not sure what you said. All I got were some sweeping generalizations, but even those were pretty foggy.

  • Guest

    And Instafaggot didn’t have any “sweeping generalizations”?? I was responding to his comment. Double standards, much?

  • Guest

    And Instafaggot didn’t have any “sweeping generalizations”?? I was responding to his comment. Double standards, much?

  • Guest

    And Instafaggot didn’t have any “sweeping generalizations”?? I was responding to his comment. Double standards, much?

  • Ittabena

    I was merely asking what you said, I just don’t white wash. I generally just ignore him.

  • Ittabena

    I was merely asking what you said, I just don’t white wash. I generally just ignore him.

  • Guest

    And I was merely explaining to you that my comments would be clearer in
    the context of the entire conversation. Do I need to use smaller words?

  • Ittabena

    So defensive. Such rage…

    So no clearer language forthcoming?

  • charlotte

    This:

    “All I got were some sweeping generalizations, but even those were pretty foggy”

    Is rude.

    I
    have no reason to be nice to rude people, especially online. You should
    consider yourself lucky you’re not in a car beside me during rush hour.

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