Emotions are important, but there is the massive confusion in both popular and scientific conceptions of even what they are. There is also a sizable structure of erroneous assumptions, such as venting anger “gets it off your chest.”
There seem to be at least four defenses against confronting emotions directly:
2. Generalize (using only abstract terms: emotions, affect, arousal, etc.).
3. Disguise: use one of the vast number of alternative words that hide emotional content, such as “an awkward moment.”
4. Confuse: especially in English, the most important emotion terms are at least ambiguous and often misleading.
The elaborate hiding of shame studies by the use of alternative words is described in detail. Approaches to emotion that allow them to be noticed and discussed openly and directly are probably important us as individuals and for our whole civilization.
Understanding the realm of emotions is beset by an elemental difficulty: the meaning of words that refer to emotion are so ambiguous that we hardly know what we are talking about.… Read the rest