New Compelling Evidence Suggesting The Universe Is A Hologram

hologramIn existential news, Tupac isn’t the only one who may merely be a flat holographic projection. Via Nature:

A team of physicists has provided some of the clearest evidence yet that our Universe could be just one big projection.

In 1997, theoretical physicist Juan Maldacena proposed an audacious model of the Universe in which gravity arises from infinitesimally thin, vibrating strings. The mathematically intricate world of strings, which exist in nine dimensions of space plus one of time, would be merely a hologram: the real action would play out in a simpler, flatter, single dimensional cosmos where there is no gravity.

Maldacena’s idea thrilled physicists because it solved apparent inconsistencies between quantum physics and Einstein’s theory of gravity.

In two papers posted on the arXiv repository, Yoshifumi Hyakutake of Ibaraki University in Japan and his colleagues now provide, if not an actual proof, at least compelling evidence that Maldacena’s conjecture is true.

In one paper, Hyakutake computes the internal energy of a black hole, the position of its event horizon, its entropy and other properties based on the predictions of string theory. In the other, he and his collaborators calculate the internal energy of the corresponding lower-dimensional cosmos with no gravity. The two computer calculations match.

Maldacena says the numerical proof that these two seemingly disparate worlds are actually identical gives hope that the gravitational properties of our Universe can one day be explained by a simpler cosmos purely in terms of quantum theory.

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  • Virtually Yours

    This comment might seem a bit scattered but I promise it does tie into these new findings concerning the holographic universe…

    I have been rather skeptical about Rupert Sheldrake’s theory of morphic resonance up until now. It’s a fun theory, overall, but when it comes to “physical effects” (his words) he uses examples like pets who supposedly anticipate the return of their owners and the sensation of being stared at from behind. I don’t find either of these examples to be compelling or convincing, though who knows…perhaps this branch of his research will eventually bear consistently verifiable fruit.

    In the meantime, a friend of mine encouraged me to continue researching the theory. So I did a little more hunting and found the following on Sheldrak’s official FAQ: “Morphic resonance is a testable hypothesis that proposes a transfer of information from past to present self-organising systems on the basis of similarity. The physicists David Bohm thought that this effect could be explained by his interpretation of quantum physics in terms of the implicate order. In 2012, the physicist Lee Smolin put forward a similar hypothesis, also based on an extension of quantum physics, called the principle of precedence, which he summarised by saying, ‘Nature is developing habits as it goes along.’ This is very similar to my own proposal…”

    This piqued my interest because I was not familiar with either the implicate order or the principle of precedence. While Googling the principle of precedence, I stumbled upon this fantastic link and honestly…it really deserves a post of its own here on Disinfo:

    But it was while I was researching the implicate order that the news broke about the new evidence concerning the holographic universe, and some of the correlations seemed too spooky and coincidental to be ignored…

    From the article on the holographic universe which I read ( “The two new papers take Maldacena’s findings further by proposing an extra dimension. That tenth lower dimension has no gravity and its particles neatly line up in a set of strings oscillating in harmony, attached to one another – and not in chaos, which is what we had until now…”

    That quote instantly made me think about this section of the Wiki article concerning the implicate order:

    The implicate order, also referred to as the “enfolded” order, is seen as a deeper and more fundamental order of reality. In contrast, the explicate or “unfolded” order include the abstractions that humans normally perceive. As Bohm writes: “In the enfolded [or implicate] order, space and time are no longer the dominant factors determining the relationships of dependence or independence of different elements. Rather, an entirely different sort of basic connection of elements is possible, from which our ordinary notions of space and time, along with those of separately existent material particles, are abstracted as forms derived from the deeper order. These ordinary notions in fact appear in what is called the ‘explicate’ or ‘unfolded’ order, which is a special and distinguished form contained within the general totality of all the implicate orders.”

    Which makes me wonder: could the tenth/lower dimension with no gravity and harmoniously oscillating strings (as mentioned in the above quote from the RT article) potentially constitute the “implicate/enfolded” order? Which would then (in theory) make our dimension the “explicate/unfolded” order…

    Within that same Wiki article, there is also a section on holograms and the implicate order, and this is where one could attempt to tie in the idea of Sheldrake’s morphic fields: “This order is not to be understood solely in terms of a regular arrangement of objects (e.g., in rows) or as a regular arrangement of events (e.g. in a series). Rather, a total order is contained, in some implicit sense, in each region of space and time. Now, the word ‘implicit’ is based on the verb ‘to implicate’. This means ‘to fold inward’ … so we may be led to explore the notion that in some sense each region contains a total structure ‘enfolded’ within it.”

    The wiki article then links to other pages concerning the Holographic Principle (as mentioned above) and the Holographic Paradigm (aka: Holonomic brain theory). Lots to chew on and fun to think about, if nothing else…

    • Chris Colby

      I have recently been “exploring” in areas where this timely, extremely well written article has / is drawing me,! I salute you Virtually yours.! Your included web addys were great as well ! I have an explanation of what “Dark Energy” is (Unique, I might add :) ) Our areas of searching over-lap very well…Perhaps someday we could share our musings. LOL

  • sgtdoom

    While I greatly appreciate this posted article, everyone should have already figured that out by reading the brilliant papers of G.F.B. Riemann.

  • InfvoCuernos

    So I guess we should start asking the question: why does the Programmer allow suffering and death if he’s all powerful?

    • DeepCough

      Can you think of a program that doesn’t have bugs in it?

      • godozo

        Your answer implying, of course, that death and suffering aren’t so much corrections but kludges to extend the life of the program until the true answer gets written into code (assuming one is coming).

        • DeepCough

          Well, that’s one way of looking at religion.

    • randomnamehere

      how about that. You can always (ironically) count on the atheist to start a conversation about religion if there isn’t one already.

      go back to reddit, ass.

    • Aidan,Nevins

      The more intelligent a being becomes the more it posses the ability to harm others of the same species. Until we reach the absolute level of intelligence.

      Not including basic instincts and suffering would be half a simulation. A drama without death or despair is not a drama after all.

      • Andrew

        Three questions:

        1) If the more intelligent a being becomes the more it posses the ability to harm others of the same species, then wouldn’t a being with “the absolute level of intelligence” have a 100% ability to harm others of the same species, and thus be certain to?

        2) If not, why not?

        3) Who needs drama?

        • InfvoCuernos

          1) Maybe that’s why all these “gods” fight to be the only one. Supreme intelligence is an endgame.

  • Zach Bishop

    This doesn’t mean that we aren’t real or that this is all an illusion… It just means that we finally have a way of uniting quantum theory and Einstein’s theory of the universe… The quantum effects are due to the brane of the universe (Wikipedia brane, it’s pretty cool), and the ” physical universe” that we live in is (part of ?) the “hologram universe” projected by the quantum brane.

  • Rhoid Rager

    It seems as though you have put these pieces together from a purely intellectual basis, as opposed to intuiting them. Perhaps this accounts for your earlier dismissal of Sheldrake’s work because Sheldrake was relying on a purely anecdotal empirical methodology–dog’s anticipating the return of their owners; people feeling they are being stared at. These two phenomena require an intuitive sensitivity that is not intellectualized–which is to say, it is not a rationalized happening, but a felt one.

    The human intellect has grown to ignore the implicit nature emotions over the course of its most-recent 400 year exponential growth under the auspices of science. This has clouded non-intellectual ways of knowing the world much to the detriment of human prosperity, in my opinion. But now, with these interesting findings, it seems that even science is beginning to come full circle back on to the original tangent of human intuition; and I believe your recent discovery to be a self-similar reflection of that larger trend.

    • drokhole

      Just gonna go ahead and echo that insight by dropping a quote-load:

      “So just as we are organized that way, as organisms, so also we are, although not aware of it, organized that way collectively as individuals relating to each other and relating to the other forms of life, and to the geology, and the meteorological and astronomical phenomena around us. Only we haven’t come to notice it. Our attention has been so fixed upon some of the details of this relationship, that we have created a system of details as if it were a separate physical system. You understand, I’ve mentioned this, I’m sure, to many of you before, that human beings have for at least 3000 years specialized in one kind of attention only. That is what we call conscious attention, and that is a form of scanning the physical environment as if we were looking at it with a spotlight. And therefore, the nature of scanning is this: that it takes in the whole scene in series, bit by bit. Even if you don’t go in a straight line, and you scan looking around you, you have a series of glimpes or glances piled up, and that gives you the history, in linear time, of your existence, because it’s one experience of attention after another.

      Now, in just the same way with all of us in this room exist totally together here and now, with all our innumerable physical organs, and every single one of our hairs, all present here. Nevertheless, we notice all this in series, and we come to imagine, therefore, that we live in time instead of in eternity, and so I have to resort to funny little tricks, like I was discussing yesterday, to show how the past is influenced by the future, because we screen that possibility out by the way we pay attention to things. We are absolutely befuddled with words, and you see, words follow the same linear pattern, because words are a notation. Conscious observation of the world by the spotlight always is accompanied by a notation. That is to say the notation of language, the notation of written letters, the notation of numbers, the notation of algebraical symbols, any kind of notation you want to think of. Musical notes–they do the same thing. And you notice what you can notate, and that is what is notable, noteworthy, because we observe and become aware consciously only of those things that we consider important. And what do you consider important?”

      “Civilization, comprising all the achievements of art and science, technology and industry, is the result of man’s invention and manipulation of symbols – of words, letters, numbers, formulas and concepts, and of such social institutions as universally accepted clocks and rulers, scales and timetables, schedules and laws. By these means, we measure, predict, and control the behavior of the human and natural worlds – and with such startling apparent success that the trick goes to our heads. All too easily, we confuse the world as we symbolize it with the world as it is. As semanticist Alfred Korzybski used to say, it is an urgent necessity to distinguish between the map and the territory.”

      “Almost all civilized people have been brought up to think of themselves as ghosts in machines, as Koestler put it: as souls or spirits in alien bodies, as skin-encapsulated egos, or as psychic chauffeurs in mechanical vehicles of flesh and bone. We have learned to identify ourselves exclusively with that part of the brain which functions as a sort of radar or scanning apparatus and which is the apparent center of conscious attention and voluntary action…The basic problem is, of course, that law and reason are linear systems expressed in verbal, mathematical, or other forms of notation, of symbols strung out in a line to represent ‘bits’ of info selected by the narrow spotlight of conscious attention. The physical worlds, by contrast, is at any moment a manifestation of innumerable and simultaneous energy patterns which, when we try to translate them into our clumsy linear symbols, seem impossibly complex.”

      “We need to become vividly aware of our ecology, of our interdependence and virtual identity with all other forms of life which the divisive and emboxing methods of our current way of thought prevent us from experiencing.”
      Alan Watts

      “The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift.”Albert Einstein

      • Rhoid Rager

        i first found Watts’ lectures online a few years ago. i remember listening to him say ‘reality is….’ and hit the gong, and i’d think, ‘that’s weird.’ Now, when i re-listen, the sound of the gong nearly brings me to tears.

        • drokhole

          “…and we won’t give it a name.” :)

          Kind of just puts it in a way that cuts through all the clutter. I’m beyond indebted to that man.

        • Calypso_1

          Gongs are incredible. If you ever get to the chance to experience a gamelan in the native high humidity environment don’t pass it up. The water content in the air comes alive with vibration and seems to dissolve body boundaries.

          • Rhoid Rager

            Funny you should bring that up. I had the pleasure of visiting the Philippines in January 2001. The Japanese NGO I worked for took me on an observational tour of an isolated village they helped to electrify in the Mountain Province named Tulgao. The welcome was warm. We drank their home brew, ate specially-slaughtered dog and boar, and they performed their gong dance ritual late into the night. They let me join in. It was transformative.

          • Calypso_1

            What ethnic group was the village?

          • Rhoid Rager

            I don’t recall. But Googling ‘Tulgao’ seems to produce a lot more information today than it did back then. The rice terraces are breathtaking. The villagers travelled along their thin stone walls (in flipflops) so nimbly. The retaining walls (?–there is a proper word in Japanese for them–azemichi–but I don’t know if there is an English equivalent) were their primary route of travel.

      • Virtually Yours

        Thanks for all of these, but for the Einstein one in particular :-)

    • Virtually Yours

      “These two phenomena require an intuitive sensitivity that is not intellectualized–which is to say, it is not a rationalized happening, but a felt one” It’s funny, though, because Sheldrake is attempting to use the scientific method in order to study these phenomena. Can these types of phenomena be simultaneously observable and felt? I dunno, though I am trying to remain open to the possibility…like Mulder’s poster: I want to believe :-)

      “it seems that even science is beginning to come full circle back on to the original tangent of human intuition” Human intuition isn’t always right, though. I think that all of these theories are fun and worthy of consideration, but they require some form of testable/verifiable evidence if they are ultimately going to be taken seriosuly. And that is what I take away from the Einstein quote which drokhole posted: “The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant…” Intuiton is a gift but it is not infallible, and it is up to the rational mind to verify that which has been intuited.

      Having been raised by young-earth creationists and then coming through the other side, I tend to get a bit stuck on the evidence side of the equation. Because from my father’s point of view, creationism is intuitive. Some would claim that his sense of intuition has been corrupted/biased by religion, but he would turn right around and say that scientists have been equally biased. Needless to say, I am a staunch agnostic…LOL

  • Jesse

    And so they start down the road to the truly practical question
    when all is known to be illusion
    measurement and calculation amounts to mere mental masturbation
    happily stroking the dogma I think and therefore I am
    yet somehow dancing around the question of what exactly is happening when we think
    No one knows exactly what happens when we think
    Therefore we can’t really know anything

    Knowledge of this ignorance is the basis of intuitive understanding

  • Calypso_1

    The study actually did not do anything related to this universe other than running equations that describe thermodynamic systems on branes that have no known (non-theoretical) physical correlation with this reality. If those particular branes end up having a greater significance in particle or cosmological theory that will really change things.
    You are correct though about linking the two theories. It is entirely possible that this may be just a fantastic mathematical work around. There have been sooo many classes of manifolds cataloged whose properties will take decades to explore. There are going to be many incredible discoveries. This one just announced the beginning of a whole new stage of sting theory supremacy.

    • Rhoid Rager

      I’m fan of The Police too ;)

      • Calypso_1

        It’s all about the Secret Journey Tin Man.

        • Rhoid Rager

          Gomtuu: my approximation of a near-omnipotent hemorrhoid.

          • Calypso_1

            Actually that thought occurred to me given your previous aside about piles. : )
            My diagnostic prognostication of somatic expression is fairly well practiced.

  • InfvoCuernos

    How about this? How about you think for a second what this really means? Its the only way that all that crazy crap you find in the bible could possibly be true. If I were a believer, I would be all over the holographic universe theory. This is probably the only way that atheists would accept any god. If you look to the intricacies of the universe, you can see that if there is an intelligent designer, then he’s more than just a guy with a beard and a robe on a mountaintop. I’m not going to tell you where to go, only that you should leave the Dark Ages. and I’ve never been on reddit, but it sounds nice.

  • Virtually Yours

    Hi, Chris…thanks so much and sorry for the delayed response! I would be very curious to hear your Unique take on Dark Energy, and I imagine that there plenty of other Disinfonauts who would also appreciate your thoughts/musings :-) Also, did you see the article that was posted yesterday called “What Lies Beyond The Higgs Boson?” It mentions new types of particles which “may help to account, for instance, for dark matter…” Such an exciting time to be alive and to bear witness as layer after layer of the cosmic onion is stripped away, only to reveal further layers beneath :-) Cheers!

  • Aidan,Nevins

    I like to imagine the simulation being run by humans at the peak of technology before making the choice of singularity.
    Run humanity a billion times with all variations and find out if truly possessing the power of the universe is good or bad for humans.