Almost Everything In ‘Dr. Strangelove’ Was True

Dr strangelove peter sellersRemember Eric Schlosser, the Fast Food Nation author? Well he’s also a great journalist and this week  in The New Yorker he takes a look at the command and control of nuclear weapons, positing that the nuclear craziness of the classic Peter Sellers movie Dr. Strangelove, Or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb was actually pretty much true:

This month marks the fiftieth anniversary of Stanley Kubrick’s black comedy about nuclear weapons, “Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb.” Released on January 29, 1964, the film caused a good deal of controversy. Its plot suggested that a mentally deranged American general could order a nuclear attack on the Soviet Union, without consulting the President. One reviewer described the film as “dangerous … an evil thing about an evil thing.” Another compared it to Soviet propaganda. Although “Strangelove” was clearly a farce, with the comedian Peter Sellers playing three roles, it was criticized for being implausible. An expert at the Institute for Strategic Studies called the events in the film “impossible on a dozen counts.” A former Deputy Secretary of Defense dismissed the idea that someone could authorize the use of a nuclear weapon without the President’s approval: “Nothing, in fact, could be further from the truth.” (See a compendium of clips from the film.) When “Fail-Safe”—a Hollywood thriller with a similar plot, directed by Sidney Lumet—opened, later that year, it was criticized in much the same way. “The incidents in ‘Fail-Safe’ are deliberate lies!” General Curtis LeMay, the Air Force chief of staff, said. “Nothing like that could happen.” The first casualty of every war is the truth—and the Cold War was no exception to that dictum. Half a century after Kubrick’s mad general, Jack D. Ripper, launched a nuclear strike on the Soviets to defend the purity of “our precious bodily fluids” from Communist subversion, we now know that American officers did indeed have the ability to start a Third World War on their own. And despite the introduction of rigorous safeguards in the years since then, the risk of an accidental or unauthorized nuclear detonation hasn’t been completely eliminated.

The command and control of nuclear weapons has long been plagued by an “always/never” dilemma. The administrative and technological systems that are necessary to insure that nuclear weapons are always available for use in wartime may be quite different from those necessary to guarantee that such weapons can never be used, without proper authorization, in peacetime. During the nineteen-fifties and sixties, the “always” in American war planning was given far greater precedence than the “never.” Through two terms in office, beginning in 1953, President Dwight D. Eisenhower struggled with this dilemma. He wanted to retain Presidential control of nuclear weapons while defending America and its allies from attack. But, in a crisis, those two goals might prove contradictory, raising all sorts of difficult questions. What if Soviet bombers were en route to the United States but the President somehow couldn’t be reached? What if Soviet tanks were rolling into West Germany but a communications breakdown prevented NATOofficers from contacting the White House? What if the President were killed during a surprise attack on Washington, D.C., along with the rest of the nation’s civilian leadership? Who would order a nuclear retaliation then?…

[continues in The New Yorker]

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  • American Cannibal

    Wait. Dr. Strangelove wasn’t a documentary?

  • specialtasks

    RAND idea
    Herman Kahn’s Doomsday Device
    shelter higher-circle policy members
    in Greenbrier resort, West Virginia

  • InfvoCuernos

    I always knew we were sitting on the edge of nuclear destruction, but DAAAAAAAMN that shit was close. I kind of thought Kennedy brought us to the brink with that Cuban Naval Quarantine, but it looks like he might have saved our collective asses.

  • Rhoid Rager

    There’s this thin sheen of precision, objectivity, and method about bureaucracies that give the uninitiated outsider the impression that things always go as planned and according to the rules. This is horseshit. The arbitrary component is hidden behind the self-justifying myths the technocrats weave for themselves.

    Case in point: US-USSR nuclear arsenal stability–DoD reports 32 serious accidents involving US nuclear weapons between 1950 and 1980. Greenpeace reports that there have been 51 nuclear warheads lost between 1950 and 1993 between the US and USSR, and 380 nuclear weapons ‘incidents’ with the US Navy.

    Of course, in some cases, the arbitrary nature of bureaucracies can work in our favour, but that’s only when arbitrary decisions are made to stop the bureaucracy from doing what it was systematically meant to do. The story of Stanislav Petrov emphasizes this quite clearly.

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