This article was originally published on HoneyColony.
Against The Flow
Frankly, I am tired of people raving about how wonderful the Flow Hive invention is and posting it on my Facebook wall every other day. The viral-ity of this fundraising campaign has been astounding. During my travels in Central America, I even had a Belgium restaurant owner in Nicaragua ask me whether I’d heard about it.
“I love honey. This is amazing,” you read over and over again in the comments from people worldwide who have no clue about beekeeping. The gadget allows you to harvest honey without opening the hive, and Australian inventors Stuart and son Ceder Anderson promise that there is “no mess, no fuss, no expensive processing equipment, and [that] the bees are hardly even disturbed.”
But just because no disturbance is seemingly occurring to the naked eye doesn’t mean it’s not happening. How arrogant humans can be.
The Flow Hive has already raised upwards of $10 million and counting. Perhaps folks genuinely want to help the bees and think this gadget is the answer. Meanwhile this is a testament that urban beekeeping is thriving.
Supporters argue that by simplifying (or automating) the most time consuming part of beekeeping—the harvest— more people may want to take up beekeeping. More beekeeping may lead to greater support to save bees and there fore Flow Hive is a positive thing.
At first glance, I too thought Flow Hive was a genius invention that honors the bees, but after looking under the proverbial lid, I’ve concluded that it takes the bee hive and reduces it into a beer keg. It’s animal husbandry with a negative twist.
“One wants to see this be successful, easy to use, and contribute to the world of improved beekeeping,” adds Kim Flottum, beekeeper and editor of Bee Culture magazine. “But there’s the concern, far in the back of my mind, that it may appear to make things too easy, fostering not improved beekeeping, but reduced attention to maintaining healthy bees.”
Here are 3 reasons (there are many more) why many folks think the flow hive just adds another level of separation between bees and beings.
1. Non-Existent Communion Between Bees & Beings
The Flow Hive is touted as a “beekeeper’s dream.” But in my opinion, it’s a wannabe’s fantasy. The point of beekeeping is to commune with the bees, not get removed even further. There’s nothing like peeking into a hive, slowing down with reverence and care, observing these virgin sisters of toil. Bees work themselves to death why should we have their food so easy?
Beekeeping involves putting on a bee suit (or not) and tuning into the bees to ensure that no harm is done. And if you happen to get stung once or twice, you can choose to see it positively. It’s medicinal.
As Italian photographer and fellow beekeeper Renée Ricciardi writes,
“Beekeeping involves respect, patience, and attention to the natural world. After years of beekeeping you become attentive to humidity every time you step outside, you start noticing which flowers bloom first, you stop hating pesky dandelions, and when it rains you think of the bees.”
Just like there is an indescribable satisfaction about eating food that you’ve grown, there’s something magical about beekeeping. And it doesn’t involve turning on a tap. Actually many hobby beekeepers will tell you that honey is not the main attraction. Stewardship is. And that entails checking on the health of the colony, observing brood patterns, examining the queen, making sure there aren’t any parasite or pathogens, and observing the honey flow so you know what to leave behind.
With an automatic honey appliance, you get none of that. So even though there’s a window and you can see the bees, you are clueless as to what is going on with the hive. As a friend recently stated, flow hive promotes the emotional detachment of factory farming.
Commercial beekeeping meanwhile is a whole other ball of wax. It arduous work, involving long hours and a lot of casualties. You may likely have to 1) Get Suited Up 2) Smoke the Bees 3) Open the hive 4) Remove the honey-filled frames 5) Brush the bees from those frames 6) Use a knife to remove the capping from the wax cells 7) Use a centrifuge to get honey out of the frame.
Flow Hive promises to remove all that “messy hard work.” Which commercial beekeeper wouldn’t be intrigued? Yet without some sort of communion, doesn’t the process kind of look like honey-robbing? Hands-off beekeeping? Free honey? Come on, it’s fast food honey that cuts corners.
Incidentally, honey has its own flow depending on the season and is usually harvested only once a year. Will wannabe beekeepers be mindful of nature’s rhythms or gorge on honey all year round? Most beekeepers, including myself, will tell you that honey is just a bonus. I keep bees because I love having them around. It’s bee-centric. It’s not a honey-centric endeavor. That’s why they called their movie More Than Honey.
And consider this. In her six week life span, one single bee will only produce a quarter of a teaspoon of honey. Honey is sacred.
“I always tell beginners in my workshops, there is only one real reason to keep bees, and that is because they are fascinating. If you just want honey, make friends with a beekeeper,” says a beekeeper in Australia who goes by Adrian the Bee Man.
2. Plastic Comb
This newfangled honey collection system is comprised of plastic. It’s basically the Langstroth hive on steroids. The bees build their own wax on top of plastic frames and fill the cells with nectar and cap per usual. When you turn on the tap, presto— honey squeezes through the center of a plastic double-walled comb construction. Once draining is completed, you can reset the tap, and the comb goes back to its original position. Automation is in full effect.
Bees don’t particularly like plastic, Ask any organic beekeeper. They don’t need it. They fashion wax –a living substance – out of their own abdomens. Wax is where they store their food (nectar and pollen) and house their young. Wax vibrates and changes temperature.
“…Comb is far more than a Tupperware container for somebody else’s lunch; it is the tissue and frame of the hive and as such it forms multiple functions,” writes Beekeeper Jonathan Powell , who has a a long family connection with bees, and is also a partner with a UK Charity called the Natural Bee-keeping Trust.
In his blog he writes:
“Cells have wall thicknesses of just 0.07 mm, and are made from over 300 different chemical components. Wax removes toxins from the honey. The resonant frequency (230-270 Hz) of the comb is matched to the bees’ vibration sensors and acts as an information highway between bees on opposite sides of the comb. Bees manage the temperature of the cell rims to optimize transmissions of these messages. Wax holds history and memory via chemical signals put into it by the bees.”
But instead of working with the wax comb they’ve created, the Flow Hive forces bees to deal with hormone-disrupting plastics that off-gas.
“Honey bees are able to recognize the smallest differences in wax composition but not polypropylene,” adds Powell.
Additionally, the best honey is fully capped. It’s like putting a lid on a jar; honeybees ripen nectar by removing the moisture and sealing it off with wax. Honey that has been harvested with a moisture content above 20 per cent and isn’t capped is considered unripe and may ferment. Traditional beekeepers slice honey caps off with a knife and use a spinner which removes honey from wax frames. They then reuse the wax in their hives once more.
Meanwhile, in colder climates honey often crystallizes, which means the Flow Hive may clog and require heating, killing the healing properties.
3. “Expensive Gimmick”
“The Flow Hive is now the largest international campaign ever on Indiegogo,” announced Slava Rubin, CEO of Indiegogo.
They surpassed their goal of 70,000 in less than 10 minutes and raised $2.1 million in one day, setting a record for the most funds raised in 24 hours.
For $600, you get a full automatic bee farm. But many beekeepers I’ve spoken to believe that it’s overpriced and unsustainable. Flow Hive actually costs more than a standard Langstroth hive.
Flow hive campaign statistics show that about 10,403 products have been ordered for $5,017,410. Total campaign funds total $9,775,109. Product sales account for 51% of the total. The other $4,757,699 appears to be contributed for no product. Where will the rest of the money go?
Flow Hive has been described as a possible “key” in keeping the world’s bee population from further decline.” Really? How so? This just makes honey collection simpler and easier. How does it help bees survive the issues they are currently grapplng with? Like systemic pesticides and loss of habitat???
To quote Ricciardi once more, Flow Hive invites “lazy, hungry honey-eaters who are also terrified of being stung. It will create a generation of oblivious people who don’t know the delicate mechanics of the beautiful hive.”
Don’t get wooed by the hype and the mesmerizing images of honey . If you really want to help bees, why not support activists like myself who works our bee hinds off for very little pay. Or get involved with Center For Food Safety or show Vanishing of the Bees to your children. Or take up real beekeeping.
Please note that no one is saying that these people are bad. But as they say, the road to hell was paved with good intentions. and “good inventions” too.
Not everything that has to do with bees is good for the bees.
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