Christianity’s Critics: The Romans Meet Jesus (Part Four)

References

1 Acts 18:15.

2 Benko, Pagan Rome and the Early Christians, 8.

3 Origen, Contra Celsum III, 1, 4.

4 Ibid, III, 10, 12.

5 Freeman, The Closing of the Western Mind, 308.

6 Johnson, Among the Gentiles, 214.

7 Brakke, The Gnostics, 12.

8 Jonas, The Gnostic Religion, xvi.

9 Brakke, The Gnostics, x, 19.

10 Chadwick, Origen: Contra Celsum, ix.

11 Origen, Contra Celsum I, 1.

12 Ibid, II, 3; IV, 2.

13 Ibid, II, 27; III, 10, 13; V, 61-62, 64-65; VI, 19.

14 Ibid V, 12.

15 Ibid VI, 19. (Compare VI, 61; VI, 21; VIII, 15).

16 Origen, Contra Celsum V, 61.

17 Kotansky, Greek Magical Amulets, I, 276, 280.

18 1 Timothy 5:15 (NASV).

19 Wilken, The Christians as the Romans Saw Them, 95.

20 Johnson, 209.

21 Pearson, Voices of Gnosticism, 72.

22 Turner, Voices of Gnosticism, 90.

23 Matthew 5:20.

24 1 Corinthians 7:8. (Compare 1 Thessalonians 4:4).

25 Galatians 6:14.

26 Jonas, 144-145.

27 1 Corinthians 7:29, ESV.

28 Rudolph, Gnosis: The Nature and History of Gnosticism, 60, 66.

29 Lüdemann, Paul, 230.

30 Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical History.

31 Bauer, Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity, 59, 67, 72, 202, 231.

32 Fowden, The Egyptian Hermes, 113.

33 Conner, Voices of Gnosticism, 3.

34 Origen, Contra Celsum VI, 28.

35 Ibid, III, 13.

36 Origen, Contra Celsum, VI, 21, 24-32.

37 Ibid, IV, 33.

38 Irenaeus, Against the Heresies I, 20.1; 21.5.

39 Brakke, 15.

40 Chadwick, Origen: Contra Celsum, 90-91 (II, 27).

41 Julian, Against the Galileans, 39A.

42 Genesis 17:23.

43 Barnabas 9:2, 8.

44 Matthew 27:52-53.

45 Kannaday,  Apologetic Discourse and the Scribal Tradition, 9, 14.

46     The interested reader is referred to Ehrman’s The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture (1993, Oxford University Press) for a compelling discussion of the effects of christological controversy on the text of the New Testament.

47 Ibid, 22-23.

48 Epp, Harvard Theological Review 92 (1999): 276-277.

49 Irenaeus, Against the Heresies I, 27.2; I, 31.1.

50 1 Timothy 6:20.

51 Fredriksen, From Jesus to Christ, ix, 6.

52 Humphrey, From Q to “Secret Mark,” 25.

53 Frend, The Rise of Christianity, 251.

  For a recent discussion of the “Secret” Gospel of Mark and the controversy at-tending it, see Conner, The Secret Gospel of Mark: Morton Smith, Clement of Alex-andria and Four Decades of Academic Burlesque (2015) Mandrake of Oxford.

54 Luke 1:1.

55 Bauer, Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity, 183.

56 Wright, “Against the Galileans,” The Works of the Emperor Julian, III, 397.

57 2 Thessalonians 2:2, NIV.

58 Revelation 2:20; 22:18-19, NIV.

59 Matthew 7:22, NIV.

60 1 John 2:18-19.

61 2 John 1:7.

62 2 Peter 2:1-3; 1 John 4:1.

63 1 Timothy 4:1-5.

64 Colossians 2:8.

65 James 3:1.

66 Matthew 10:20; 1 Corinthians 12:3.

67 Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History V, 28, 17-18 (my translation).

68 Fredriksen, From Jesus to Christ, 199.

69 Ehrman, Lost Christianities, 49.

70 2 Peter 3:16.

71 The interested reader is referred to Ehrman’s The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture for an accessible, intelligent discussion.

72 Koester, Gospel Traditions in the Second Century, 19.

73 Lane Fox, The Unauthorized Version, 156, 157.

74 Ibid, 346.