Psychedelic research is on the rise, but unfortunately it is largely dominated by scientists working from an entirely unverified assumption.
Recently there have been numerous studies published regarding psychedelic substances whose ‘results’ are gaining increased public interest with eye-catching headlines.
That all sounds pretty neat, right? That is until you realize that under each one of these studies lies a central assumption which has never been successfully resolved by science.
What is consciousness? How do we have unique personal experiences of things? These are questions posed by David Chalmers a few decades ago, called the Hard Problem of Consciousness, which have perplexed the science and philosophy communities ever since. The problem has never been sufficiently resolved with any empirical validity.
In other words, we do not know with any certainty whatsoever that our minds (consciousness/awareness) are dependent on brains or what appears to happen in them. It would be unscientific and dishonest to suggest you knew that for sure. And yet almost all science starts from that very assumption. This problem is uniquely problematic with psychedelic studies for a couple of reasons.
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