Tag Archives | Ancient World

The Hidden History Of Egypt

Khemitology: An alternative approach to Egyptology

Egypt is currently in the news, and not for the most pleasant of reasons. Political disturbances are being felt in isolated pockets of the country, yet are clearly overblown by western media, and some foreign governments. But this land, and especially the fertile areas that border the Nile River has been a vital part of human history for thousands of years. From the rise of Islam in the 7th century AD, and back through the Coptic Christians, Jews, Romans, Greeks, Persians and finally the so called dynastic Egyptians, each successive dominant culture has left their mark.

Another-broken-core-drill-example-near-Abu-Sir

The clearest evidence of this is in the stone constructions they left behind. And it is through the study of these works that we can see the level of technology each culture had, through what tools they used. Limestone is and has been in great abundance in the country, especially near Cairo, due to the laying down of sedimentary deposits millions of years ago.… Read the rest

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Ancient Peruvians Practiced Brain Surgery

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Picture: Danielle Kurin, UCSB (C(

Some of you may be waking up with a terrible hangover today. If so, the sensation of someone drilling a hole in your skull without anesthesia may not be too hard to imagine.

…Evidence shows that healers in Peru practiced trepanation — a surgical procedure that involves removing a section of the cranial vault using a hand drill or a scraping tool — more than 1,000 years ago to treat a variety of ailments, from head injuries to heartsickness. And they did so without the benefit of the aforementioned medical advances.

Excavating burial caves in the south-central Andean province of Andahuaylas in Peru, UC Santa Barbara bioarchaeologist Danielle Kurin and her research team unearthed the remains of 32 individuals that date back to the Late Intermediate Period (ca. AD 1000-1250). Among them, 45 separate trepanation procedures were in evidence. Kurin’s findings appear in the current issue of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

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Ancients Painted Volcano Warning 9,000 Years Ago

newpag1The world’s earliest landscape painting warned of a nearby volcano.

Via Discovery:

A nearly 9,000-year-old mural of a village with a backdrop of an erupting volcano has now been geochemically pinned to a specific eruption of the Hasan Dağ twin-peaks volcano located about 130 km (70 miles) northeast of the ancient Çatalhöyük town site in Turkey.

The mural, painted in ocher on an adobe wall that was long buried, has long been considered the world’s earliest depiction of an eruption, as well as the earliest known landscape painting, the first historical news event and the first urban plan. Until now, however the volcano it was depicting had not been confirmed with any dated samples of minerals from the volcano linking the image to a specific eruption.

Keep reading. Read the rest

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Engraved Stone Discovered in China May Suggest Complex Language Existed 30,000 Years Ago

Picture: "The Tower of Babel" by Bruegel the Elder (PD)

An artifact unearthed in north China may suggest that complex language systems may have existed in the area as early as 30,000 years ago. The item is a stone engraved with a series of lines deliberately carved by human hands. Dr. Fei Peng, a postgraduate research fellow at the Chinese Academy of Sciences had this to say concerning the stone, as well as an ostrich egg bead also discovered at the site:

Via Sci-News:

“Furthermore, creation of such an engraved object may indicate the possible existence of complex communicative systems such as language,” he said.

“In addition to the engraved stone artifact, one ostrich egg bead was unearthed from Locality 1. The lithic assemblage of this locality includes blade production and elongated tool blanks. The blade technology was probably introduced from the Altai region of Russian Siberia, according to comparison between lithic assemblages.

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Strange History: Did Native Americans Land in Ireland?

Another possible case of Pre-Columbian Trans-Atlantic travel?

Picture: Edward Curtis (PD)

Via Strange History:

One of the most dramatic pieces of evidence for a pre-Columbian crossing of the Atlantic is to be found in a single Latin marginalia, that is some words scribbled into the margin of a book. The sentence in question appears in a copy of the Historia rerum ubique gestarum by Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini which was published in Venice in 1477. In that work Piccolomini discusses the arrival of Indians in Europe blown from across the Atlantic at a date when America was unknown to Europeans (another post another day). Next to this passage a reader has written in Latin the following extraordinary words:

Homines de catayo versus oriens venierunt. Nos vidimus multa notabilia et specialiter in galuei ibernie virum et uxorem in duabus lignis areptis ex mirabili persona.

Keep reading…you’ll never guess who scribbled in the book.Read the rest

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Buried Indonesian Structure Older Than the Pyramids

Picture: Mohammad Fadil (CC)

Gunung Padang style…

Via Jakarta Times:

A recent analysis of carbon-dating by the Miami-based Beta Analytic Lab has apparently validated findings by a government-sanctioned team that a man-made structure, buried under Mount Padang in Cianjur, West Java, is older than the Giza pyramid.

Carbon-dating test results from the Miami lab show that the structure could date back to 14,000 BC or beyond.

The lab used samples of sand, soil and charcoal found at a depth of between three and 12 meters beneath the mountain’s surface.

The Giza pyramids were constructed around 2,500 BC.

“The analysis of the Miami lab dismisses doubts over an earlier test conducted by the National Nuclear Agency [Batan]. There is no more doubt that the structure beneath Mount Padang is older than the Giza pyramid,” geologist and member of the Mount Padang research team Budianto Ontowirjo said on Sunday.

Keep reading.… Read the rest

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Secret Room Discovered in Great Pyramid?

Picture: Nina (PD)

Science Ray reports on rumors that a team of scientists has succeeded in inserting a mini camera into a sealed-off room in the Great Pyramid. The room is located inside one of the pyramid’s shafts. Prior to now, scientists seeking to open the door have been stymied by both a lack of adequate technology and social unrest. If the rumors are true, this will be the first time eyes have been laid on the room’s contents since the pyramid was constructed sometime around 2500 BC.

Supposedly, this is a list of the room’s contents:

  1. Several small statues were spotted on the video camera but no details on what exactly they represent were able to be seen.
  2. A gold or copper chain was spotted in the corner of the chamber
  3. Small pottery and stone jars are spread throughout the floor of the chamber
  4. In the center of the chamber lies a gold or copper box which is closed and its contents are unknown.
  5. Read the rest

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Archaeologists Discover Subterranean Pyramids Attributed to Etruscans

Picture: Fraaxe (PD)

Via Discover.com:

A team of American and Italian archaeologists have uncovered a most unusual find: a series of underground Etruscan pyramids buried beneath a wine cellar. Cue the Indiana Jones theme…or drink some nice Pinot Grigio. Or both.

Carved into the rock of the tufa plateau –a sedimentary area that is a result of volcanic activity — on which the city stands, the subterranean structures were largely filled. Only the top-most modern layer was visible.

“Within this upper section, which had been modified in modern times and was used as a wine cellar, we noticed a series of ancient stairs carved into the wall. They were clearly of Etruscan construction,” David B. George of the Department of Classics at Saint Anselm, told Discovery News.

As they started digging, George and co-director of the excavation Claudio Bizzarri of the Parco Archeologico Ambientale dell’Orvietano noted that the cave’s walls were tapered up in a pyramidal fashion.

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1600 Year Old Mayan Temple Discovered in Guatemala

Via National Geographic:

A scarlet temple emblazoned with the likeness of a blood-drinking god may sound like something from an H. Rider Haggard or Robert E. Howard story, but that’s what scientists seem to have stumbled upon in the jungles of Guatemala:

The noonday sun is depicted as an ancient being with crossed eyes who drank blood, and a final series of masks resemble the local jaguars, which awake from their jungle slumbers at dusk.

In Maya culture the sun is closely associated with new beginnings and the sun god with kingship, Houston explained. So the presence of solar visages on a temple next to a royal tomb may signify that the person buried inside was the founder of a dynasty—El Zotz’s first king.

 

Read more – and watch an amazing video – at National Geographic.… Read the rest

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DisinfoCast with Matt Staggs: Episode 15: Lost Mayan Technology with James O’Kon

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ArchaeoEngineer James A. O’Kon, the author of The Lost Secrets of Maya Technology is here to discuss some of the astonishing discoveries he’s made while researching the technological innovations of the Mayan culture. O’Kon, who has spent years in the field, has uncovered evidence of Mayan suspension bridges, concret manufacturing and more. Prepare to have everything you think you know about this ancient civilization challenged.

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