Have fun debating this one, disinfonauts! Asha James (a woman) writes at a Voice for Men:
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We cast others into the roles of agent and patient. Agents do things, patients have things done to them. People prefer to deliver pain to agents, even those agents who act in the benefit to others, than patients. Agents, good or bad, are seen as both capable of enduring more pain than patients and elicit less sympathy when they do so.
This dichotomy divides people into those who can expect to draw upon the resources of society to be protected and provided for, and those who can’t.
This dynamic can also be titled ‘hyperagency’. Hyperagency is the perception that a group of people has more agency than they actually do. Being cast in the role of hyperagent has significant drawbacks for groups so cast and throughout history we can see groups of marginalized people cast into this role as scapegoats.